Why are some balloons called Rozier?




After his first flights in a montgolfier, Pilâtre de Rozier along with Joseph Proust participated in a flight on a modified version of a montgolfier named “La Marie-Antoinette” after the Queen; the spectators were the King of France and King Gustav III of Sweden. The balloon flew at an altitude of approximately 3,000 meters above the clouds. They travelled 52 km in 45 minutes, setting a new world record of altitude, speed, and distance travelled; which could have been even more impressive if it hadn’t been for the turbulence and low temperatures that forced them to descend.

Pilâtre de Rozier didn’t stop there; he wanted to cross the English Channel from France to England. He thought he wouldn’t make it in a normal montgolfier due to the amount of fuel required to heat the air so he chose a combination of hot air and hydrogen (balloons that are called rozier in his honor) but before achieving the flight and after several delays due to different problems, another team formed by Jean-Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries crossed the English Channel from England to France in a hydrogen balloon on January 7th 1985.

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